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Spirit Medium

This ritual lasts two days and involves the help of many villagers believing in the local Spirit Medium.
Outdoor kitchen
Outdoor kitchen

Big loudspeakers are diffusing Indian music or local Thai music.

Food preparation
Like any Buddhist rituals, local people help each other to prepare the food.
Food preparation

The food is paid by one or several sponsors (เจ้าภาพ).

Preparing food is done by women and the atmosphere is very cheerful.
Food preparation
Food preparation

The food is prepared outside under an outdoor roof covered kitchen.

Food preparation
Delicious Thai dishes are under preparation.
Food preparation

Food will be offered for free to the various participants to Spirit Medium rituals.

Thanks to the noisy loudspeakers, nobody in the village can ignore the coming Spirit Medium ritual.
Big loudspeakers
Big loudspeakers

The first day is mainly the preparation of food and various sacred items.



Spirit Medium ritual
The first day is almost over. At evening time, people are gathering and chatting.
Spirit Medium ritual
Such kind of events is always an opportunity for local community gathering.
Spirit Medium ritual
Spirit Medium ritual
Village main road
Some fluorescent neons in the village indicate the way to the Spirit Medium ritual.
Village main road
Inside the Spirit Medium house, an impressive altar with statues, garlands, big candles can be seen.
Spirit Medium altar
Spirit Medium altar

The altar is located in a special room separated from the other rooms.

Spirit Medium altar
This altar is called หิ้งบูชา ("HING BUCHA" - worship shelf) or โต๊ะครู ("TO KRU" - table for the teacher spirit).
Spirit Medium altar

These elaborate shelves feature many deities including the Buddha statue at the top shelf.

Images or statues of famous monks are arranged and placed on the second level from the top, one shelf below the image of Buddha.
Spirit Medium altar
Spirit Medium altar

Indian deities should be one level below the Budddha image and Buddhist monks. Chinese deities such as Guanyin should even be one shelf lower. Royal spirits such as former kings or local guardian and other spirits (เจ้าพ่อ, เจ้าแม่) are at the same level as Chinese deities. Flowers are located on the floor.

Fuits offering
Fruits offerings include Banana, Coconut, Grape, Pear, Mango, Pineapple, Orange, Apple, Grenade, Dragon fruit, Watermelon, Longkong.
Fuits offering
Fruits offerings include Banana, Coconut, Grape, Pear, Mango, Pineapple, Orange, Apple, Grenade, Dragon fruit, Watermelon, Longkong.
Fuits offering
Fuits offering
Spirit Medium ritual
A Phayanak statue (พยานาค) made of banana leaves. It is a mystical snake.
Spirit Medium ritual
This ritual is paying homage to teachers' spirits. There is complex arrangement of flowers and "BAI SRI" trays (บ่ายศรี).
Spirit Medium ritual
Spirit Medium ritual
Spirit Medium ritual
There are umbrellas that remind the complex Brahmanistic rituals used for Royal events.
Spirit Medium ritual
The Phayanak statue is installed in the altar room during the night.
Spirit Medium altar
Spirit Medium altar


Food buffet
On the second day, a gorgeous food buffet is installed outside in front of a small altar.
Food buffet
Food includes pig head, shrimps, chicken, sweets, fruits, duck...
Food buffet
Food buffet
Food buffet
Glasses filled with tea and soft drink bottled are part of the offerings to the spirits.
Food buffet
Fans are stored in the house and ready to be offered to the monks after the traditional morning prayers.
Fan gifts
Fan gifts
Flowers garlands
Huge flowers garlands offerings are also performed during this ritual.
Flowers garlands


Some villagers are working on the firecrackers preparation. Big noise expected!
Firecrackers preparation
Firecrackers preparation
Firecrackers preparation
Time to wake up the spirits thanks to this long firecracker preparation...
Firecrackers preparation
Better stay far away from the firecrackers exploding and waking up the whole village...
Firecrackers explosion
Firecrackers explosion


Spirit Medium altar
Food is also offered in front of the main altar inside the house. Then the offerings are moved outdoor and placed in front of the smaller altar.
Spirit Medium altar
On top of the huge Phayanak statue, there are also two smaller Naga statues (วาสุกรี).
Naga statue
Naga statue
Food buffet
Impressive food buffet offered to the spirits and teachers!
Food buffet


A ritual is happening during earlier morning and featuring a few spirit mediums only.
Spirit Medium ritual
Spirit Medium ritual
Spirit Medium ritual
Spirit possession does happen in this morning session. Main teacher is worshipped (งานไหว้ครูปู่).
Spirit Medium ritual
Each time a spirit medium is possessed then one of them is using a conch shell to do a loud signal.
Spirit Medium ritual
Spirit Medium ritual
Food Buffet
Incense sticks are then inserted inside the food items and lit. It is a way to share with the spirits and pay respect to the teachers.
Food Buffet
Once the ritual is over, the food is brought from the altar to the kitchen. It is then shared and eaten by the followers and participants.
Breakfast time
Breakfast time


Buddhist monks
Nine monks arrive in the morning to pray in the medium spirit's house.
Buddhist monks
Such event really shows the syncretism of Buddhism and Animism in Thailand. Such animism belief is severely fought by some Buddhist monks.
Buddhist monks
Buddhist monks
Buddhist monks
Buddhist monks are starting their prayers. On the altar near the monk, a head / mask of the teacher can be seen.
Buddhist monks
One of the monk is preparing holy water. A sacred thread is linked to the altar and hold by each of the monk.
Buddhist monks
Buddhist monks
Food for monks
Once the prayers are over, food is brought for the Buddhist monks.
Food for monks
Time for meal but a last prayer is done by Buddhist monks before starting to eat.
Buddhist monks
Buddhist monks
Buddhist monks
The nine Buddhist monks are now leaving. They get envelopes with money inside and a small fan as appreciation gifts.
Buddhist monks


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